27. mail 1944

27. mail 1944


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27. mail 1944

Sõda merel

Saksa allveelaev U-292 uppus Trondheimi käest kõigi kätega

Itaalia

Roomasse tungivaid USA vägesid hoitakse Valmontones kinni

Vaikse ookeani piirkond

USA väed maanduvad Biaki saarel

Uus -Guinea

Kindral MacArthur kuulutab välja Uus -Guinea kampaania strateegilise lõpu

Birma

Mussoon hakkab toiminguid aeglustama



37 ilusat, kurba, kuid liigutavat värvilist pilti Teisest maailmasõjast

Suur tänu Doug Banksile ja tema meeskonnale - värvimismeistritele. Nende värviliste piltide ilu on see värv, mis võimaldab teil välja valida ja uurida väikseimaid detaile. See muudab need 100 -aastased pildid "elusateks". Ärge klõpsake nende lehel - te jääte nende tööst sõltuvusse. Just pildid, mida nad teevad, muudavad pildiallkirjad ajalootunniks.

Sherman Firefly Vc T212680 ‘Belvedere ’B “B ” Squadron, Staffordshire Yeomanry, 27. soomusbrigaad koos teiste soomukite ja jalaväega enne operatsiooni Goodwood ’ algust 18. juuli hommikul 1944. aastal.

16. juulil liikus Staffordshire'i sõjavägi üle Orne'i jõe ja 18. päeval läks rünnak sisse. Sellele eelnes 450 taktikaliste õhujõudude lennuki rünnakut vaenlase relvapositsioonidele. “C ” Eskaader lisati operatsiooni esimeseks etapiks 13./18. Husaarile ja talle anti ülesandeks läbida need niipea, kui nad olid saavutanud ja kindlustanud oma eesmärgi, Butte de la Hogue küla. Varsti pärast õhurünnaku lõppu algas tulv ja viisteist minutit hiljem, kui see üles tõusis, alustas ründamist 3. jalaväediviis, keda toetas 27. soomusbrigaad. 13./18. husaaride soomus jõudis kiiresti Butte de la Hogue'i ja “C ” eskadron läbis, tehes kriipsu üle tasandiku kuni lõunapoolse raudteeliinini, mis oli nende eesmärk. Protsessi käigus kaotasid nad kaks tanki, mille Lirose juures tankitõrjerelv alistas.
“A ” ja “B ” eskadrillid suundusid peateljest vasakule, pühkides vastupanu taskud ning haarates kaasa tankid ja tankitõrjekahurid. Lõpuks jõudsid nad Lirose'ile, kus nad koondasid koondises palju vaenlase tugevaid külgi. Tankitõrjest tulekahju korral kadusid kaks “B ” eskadroni šermani. Major Turner ja leitnant Elks said haavata. Kapral Steer tapeti pealetungi ajal ja veel neliteist auastet sai haavata.

Kuigi Falaise’i ei jõutud, oli operatsioon olnud osaliselt edukas, kuna raudteeliinist kaugemal asuvas tihedalt metsas olevas riigis tekkis järsk vastuseis. Kogu läbilöögipiirkond konsolideeriti ja moodustas kindla aluse edasistele Briti ja Kanada rünnakutele Falaise'i vastu, mis pidi lõpuks langema 16. augustil, peaaegu samaaegselt ameeriklaste argentiina jõudmisega.
Staffordshire Yeomanry veetis selles piirkonnas mitmeid päevi, keskendudes Butte de la Hogue naabruses. Nende ülesanne oli hoida lõuna pool kahte küla Le Preaux ja Cagny ning nende aeg kulus lammutamisele ja mitmete patrullide läbiviimisele, et aidata jalaväel vasakul küljel asuvaid ulatuslikke metsi koristada. Suurema osa ajast allutati neile üsna suurt suurtükiväe- ja mördituld, kuid nad pääsesid ilma suuremate ohvriteta.

(Allikas ja#8211 IWM B 7513 – Sgt. Laing No 5 Army Film & amp; Fotograafiaüksus) (värvitud Joshua Barrett Ühendkuningriigist)
https://www.facebook.com/ pages/Painting-The-Past/891949734182777? fref = ts

Teel Inglismaale leidsid 2. pataljoni, 503. langevarjujalaväe mehed selle Islandil nähtud kutsika Smokey ja päästsid selle.

Väed tõid ta Inglismaale ja teda on siin koos ühe 503. liikmega nähtud, kui ta vestleb leitnant John Timothyga, Briti sideohvitseriga 2/503. 503. oli esimene Ameerika maaüksus, mis jõudis Pearl Harbori järel Inglismaale. Nendel päevadel on 2/503 ajaloos segadust. Pataljon osales operatsioonil Tõrvik ja sooritas USA armee esimese lahinghüppe. Aafrika kampaania ajal määras armee aga 2/503 509. langevarjurväelaseks. Ilmselt said pataljoni liikmed selle memo kätte alles pärast sõda. Vahepeal moodustati uus 503. langevarju jalaväerügement, mis saadeti Vaiksesse ookeani, kus see ühines 11. õhudessantdivisjoniga ja võttis osa Uus -Guinea ja Filipiinide kampaaniast. Too 503. tegi hüppe Corregidoril 1945. aasta veebruaris.

Panzerkampfwagen Pz. IV Ausf. J, taktikaline number 6 ࡫, alates 6./SS-Pz.Rgt.2, löödi 9. pataljoni, Normandia, St.

Tol ajal toetasid 117. kohta 743. tankipataljon ja 823. tankipurustaja pataljon (M10). Pz. IV viib ära tundmatu üksuse raskehävitaja M1A1. (Nb. Pz. IV -l oli Fahrgestellnummer (šassii number) 89689.)

(Uuritud materjali tarnija John Winner) (Värvitud Allan White Austraaliast) https://www.facebook.com/ AColourfulPastRevisited

Nõukogude hävitaja lendur leitnant Antonina Lebedeva (1916-1943)

Enne sõda õppis ta Moskva Riiklikus Ülikoolis ja oli ühe pealinna lennuklubi juhendaja. Tema sõjaline karjäär sai alguse naiste 586. hävitajate rügemendist, kaitstes Saratovi taevast. Hiljem viidi ta üle 65. kaardiväe võitlejate rügementi.

10. jaanuaril 1943 oli Lebedev õhulahingus kahe vaenlase võitleja üksi. Ta läks nendega vapralt lahingusse ja hävitas ühe Bf-109. Tema lennuk sai tõsiseid kahjustusi, kuid ta suutis ohutult sundmaanduda. Operatsiooni Orel-Kursk ajal, 17. juulil 1943 ebaühtlases lahingus nelja Yak-9 vastu paljude vaenlase lennukite vastu, lasti ta alla ja tema saatus jäi teadmata.

1982. aastal kaevati Orjoli oblastis Betovo küla lähedal välja lennuk, mis kukkus alla 1943. aasta suvel. Leiti piloodi jäänused, langevari, püstol, nuga ja dokumendid. Dokumentide hulgas olid lennu- ja meditsiinilised raamatud, kus oli selgelt kirjas omaniku nimi: Antonina Lebedeva. Jäänustest leiti ka peakomplekt kolju fragmentide ja kahe tüdrukulise patsiga.

(Värvinud Olga Shirnina Venemaalt)
https://www.facebook.com/ klimbim.art?fref=ts

B-17F-25-BO “Harry the Horse ” S/Nº 41-24548 Field Nº 167
Tadji lennuväli, Lääne -Sepiku provints Paapua Uus -Guinea. Mai 1944 #B17

4. mail 1944 tõusis see B-17 õhku õhku PNG-s Morobe'i provintsis Nadzabi lennuväljalt, mida juhtis leitnant Robert Kennedy (ei mingit seost) ülesandel varud Hollandia kohal maha jätta. Tagasi tulles sai pommitajal kütus otsa ja ta üritas Tadji lennuväljal maanduda. Maandumisel t 12: 00K varises parem ratas kokku, mistõttu B-17 libises lennurajalt maha “wild run ”, mis lõppes “ pommitamise piires ”. B-17 sai vigastada välist tiiba. Pärast remonti eemaldati vrakk osadeks ja demonteeriti osaliselt tiibadelt ning jäeti luuhoovialale maha.
(pacificwrecks.com)

Sõjaaja ajalugu
Määratud 43. pommitusrühma, 403. pommitusmalevasse. See B-17 tegutses Põhja-Austraaliast ja 7 miili kaugusel Drome'ist Port Moresby lähedal 1943. aastal. Hiljem määrati ta 63. pommitusmalevasse ja hiljem 64. pommitusmalevasse. Sellel mudelil B-17 olid sabale maalitud tiigritriibud ja välimisel mootorikattel tüdrukute nimed, sealhulgas “Mary ja#8221 mootoril number 4.
43. pommitusgrupi teenistuse ajal lisandus B-17E ninaosa, tugevdatud kinnitus nina keskel asuva .50-kaliibrilise kuulipilduja jaoks.

Viimane missioon, millega see B-17 lendas koos 43. pommitusrühmaga, oli 10. oktoobril 1943, seda juhtis kapten Jack L. Campbell varahommikul ilmateatega Rabauli kohal.
1943. aasta novembri alguses muudeti relvastatud transpordiks Garbutt Fieldi 4. lennubaasis. Hiljem määrati relvastatud transpordina 54. väekandjate tiivale, 375. väekandjate rühmale, 57. väekandjate eskadrillile ja tegutses Port Moresby ja Nadzabi lennuväljalt.
Troop Carrier teeninduses värviti B-17 täielikult üle uue oliivivärvi kihiga ja hüüdnimega “Harry the Horse ”. Määratud välja number � ” on värvitud kollaseks mõlemal pool kokpiti, kaaspiloodi akna taga. Mootori korpuse nr 4 välisküljel oli südamega maalitud “Betty Jo ”. Mootorikarbile nr 3 maaliti teine ​​nimi. (pacificwrecks.com)

Värvinud Allan White Austraaliast) https://www.facebook.com/ AColourfulPastRevisited

USA 7. jalaväediviisi mehed kasutasid leegiheitjaid Kwajaleini saare plokkmajast jaapanlaste välja suitsetamiseks, teised aga ootavad püssid valmis, kui nad välja tulevad. 4. veebruar 1944.

Kwajaleini lahing:
Määratud ‘ operatsioon Flintlock ja#8217, kutsus liitlaste plaan üles kontradmiral Richmond K. Turneri ja#8217 viienda amfiibväe toimetama kindralmajor Holland M. Smithi ja#8217s V amfiibkorpuse atollile, kus kindralmajor Harry Schmidt ’s 4. merejalaväelane Diviis ründas seotud Roi-Namuri saari, samal ajal kui kindralmajor Charles Corlett ja 7. jalaväediviis ründasid Kwajaleini saart. Operatsiooni ettevalmistamiseks tabasid liitlaste lennukid detsembrini korduvalt Marshallides Jaapani lennubaase. Positsioonile liikudes alustasid USA lennuettevõtjad 29. jaanuaril 1944 Kwajaleini vastu kooskõlastatud õhurünnakut.

Kaks päeva hiljem vallutasid USA väed võitluseta 220 miili kagus asuva väikese Majuro saare. Samal päeval maabusid 7. jalaväediviisi liikmed Kwajaleini lähedal väikesaartel, mis kannavad nime Carlos, Carter, Cecil ja Carlson, et rajada saarel rünnakuks suurtükipositsioonid. Järgmisel päeval avas suurtükivägi koos USA sõjalaevade lisatulega tule Kwajaleini saarel. Kitsast saart pummeldades võimaldas pommitamine 7. jalaväel maanduda ja Jaapani vastupanu hõlpsalt ületada. Rünnakule aitas kaasa ka Jaapani kaitse nõrkus.

Võit Kwajaleinis murdis augu läbi Jaapani väliskaitse ja oli oluline samm liitlaste ja saarte hüppamise kampaanias. Liitlaste kaotused lahingus olid 372 hukkunut ja 1592 haavatut. Jaapani ohvreid on hinnanguliselt 7870 hukkunut/haavatut ja 105 vangistatud. Kwajaleinis tulemusi hinnates tundsid liitlaste planeerijad heameelt, et taktikalised muudatused, mis tehti pärast verist rünnakut Tarawale, olid vilja kandnud ja plaanid rünnata Eniwetoki atolli 17. veebruaril. Jaapanlaste jaoks näitas lahing, et rannakaitse on liiga rünnakute suhtes haavatav ja põhjalik kaitse oli vajalik, kui nad lootsid liitlaste rünnakud peatada.
(militaryhistory.about.com)

(Allikas & #8211 USA armee ja #8211 NARA FILE #: iii-SC-212770 WAR & amp CONFLICT BOOK #: 1187)

Tiivaülem Alfred ‘Ken ’ Gatward pärast naasmist laevavastase operatsiooni juhtimisest 404 “Buffalo ” eskadron RCAF-iga.

Kohv ja sigaret käes, juuksed sassi läinud ja õliplekid lahingupükstel.
See foto on väidetavalt tehtud pärast Gatwardi viimast operatsiooni 404. Pange tähele, et tema lips on selle sündmuse auks ära lõigatud ja võimalik, et tass ei sisalda kohvi, sest ta otsib täitmist. (vintagewings.ca)

‘Liigutage tohutu Prantsuse lipp triumfikaare peale ’
RAF-i pilootlennuleitnant Ken Gatward ja tema navigaator, lennuseersant George Fern astusid vabatahtlikult julgesse missiooni, mis oli kavandatud pärast luureandmeid, et Saksa väed parafeerivad Champs-Elysees'l iga päev kella 12.15-12.45 vahel.
12. juunil 1942 startisid Gatward ja Fern oma Bristol Beaufighteriga Thorney saarelt Lääne -Sussexist, lendasid üle La Manche'i okupeeritud Prantsusmaale ja suundusid madalal tasemel Pariisi poole. Hiljem meenutas Gatward: „Ma ei unusta kunagi Pariisi tänavate rahvahulga imestust, kui me katusetasemel madalal pühkisime. Nad olid täiesti üllatunud. ”

Gatward lendas vaid 30 jalga Champs-Elysees'st alla ja sõnajalg heitis Prantsuse trikoloori Pariisi kuulsa monumendi peale. Seejärel lendas Gatward edasi Gestapo Pariisi peakorterisse, endisele ministri de la Marine'ile, rebis selle 20 mm kestadega - hajutas paaniliselt SS -valvurid laiali - ja sõnajalg heitis hoonele teise trikoloori. Julge duo suurejooneline haarang suurendas rõhutud pariislaste moraali ja kui uudis kodus levis, tõstis ka vaevatud brittide tuju. Gatward pälvis auväärse lendava risti ning nii tema kui sõnajalg loeti kangelasteks.

Londonis sündinud Gatward, kes oli 1937. aastal liitunud RAF vabatahtlike reserviga ja alustanud sõda seersant-piloodina, läks edasi Kanada kuninglike õhujõudude komandoks nr 404 Sqn. Augustis 1944 juhtis ta Sqnit haarangul vaenlase laevanduse vastu Norra vetes, mis tõi talle teise DFC. Samal aastal pälvis ta ka teenetemärgi.

Ken Gatward läks 1967. aastal grupi kaptenina tavalisest RAF -ist pensionile, seejärel liitus ta kohe uuesti RAF -i vabatahtlike reserviga instruktorina auastmeleitnandina, võimaldades naasta oma esimese armastuse - lendamise juurde. Ta suri 1998. aastal 84 -aastaselt. (Foreignintheyard.com)

(Foto 404 eskadroni saidi kaudu)

Mehed 12 rühmast, ‘B ’ kompanii, 6. pataljon, Royal Scots Fusiliers, 15. (Šoti) diviis, varjuvad Calvadoses Saint-Manvieu-Norreys operatsiooni Epsom ’ ajal, 26. juunil 1944.

“ Õhuke vihm ja udu segunesid paisu suitsu ja tolmuga ning tekitasid kohati udupanga. Suurbritannia õhusõidukid olid halva nähtavuse tõttu maandatud, nii et Briti väed ei saanud oma suurtest eelistest ilma. Kui pais langes, liikusid nad edasi oma stardijoonele, nende ees olid rünnakut alustanud kuninglikud Šotimaa fusilierid … ..

26. juunil käivitas Montgomery operatsiooni Epsom ’, suure rünnaku Caeni linnale, mis on peamine takistus Briti laienemisele Normandia lahinguvälja idaosas. Rünnakut juhtisid 44. (madalmaa) jalaväebrigaad ja 15. (Šoti) jalaväediviisi 46. (mägismaa) jalaväebrigaad koos mitmete kuulsate rügementidega, sealhulgas kuninglikud šotid, kuninglikud šotlased, kameronlased, Seaforth Highlanders ja Gordon Highlanders.

(IWM mittekaubanduslik litsents – B 5967 – nr 5 Armee filmide ja fotode üksus)

(Värvinud Royston Leonard UK)
https://www.facebook.com/ pages/Maailmasõdade värvitud pildid ja muu perioodi ds-in-time/182158581977012

Ameerika ajakirjanik ja sõjakorrespondent Ernie Pyle (keskel) vestleb 1944. aastal Anzio Beachheadi 191. tankipataljoni kuuluva Shermani tanki meeskonnaga.

Teise maailmasõja puhkemisel viis Ernie Pyle oma ajakirjanikuanded sõjakorrespondendina Euroopa ja Vaikse ookeani lahinguväljadele. Tema intiimne keskendumine tavalisele sõdurile ning reportaaž nende kogemustest ja vaatenurgast paistis rahvahulga jaoks silma. Ernie Pyle kirjutas ‘ igamehe ’ kogemustest, teised aga teatasid kindralite tegemistest ja lahinguplaanidest. Just selline lähenemine sõjakirjavahetusele pälvis hr Pyle'i 1944. aastal Pulitzeri auhinna.

Ernie Pyle'i 1944. aastal kirjutatud veerg, milles kutsuti sõdureid teenima teenistuse eest õiglast ja võitluslikku palka, veenis Kongressi edukalt seaduses, mis lubab jalaväelastele täiendavat 10 -dollarist lisatasu. Tänu tema kesksele rollile selle palgatõusu tagamisel nimetati seda ‘Ernie Pyle'i arve ’.

Ernie Pyle tapeti vaenlase kuulipildujate tulest Okinawa lähedal Iejima saarel. 18. aprill 1945.

Wolchow (Volhhovi) lahing Ladoga järve (Leningrad) lähedal juulis 1943. (Nb. Jah, me teame, et Nõukogude sõduril on kiiver ees)

Kasutades meditsiiniteadmistega vene vangi abi, annab Wehrmacht Sanitäter lahingus haavatud sõdurile esmaabi. Neid nähakse improviseeritud kanderaamiga, et viia ta taga asuvasse riietusjaama, et saada rohkem ravi. Asukoht on Ladoga järve (Põhja -Venemaa) sooalal, millest sai 1943. aasta juulis äge lahinguväli.

“Ma arvan, et see oli 3. juuli 1943. Veel tund hiljem olime jõudnud Patschino kõrguste jalamile. Keegi ei teinud häält, see oli täiesti vaikne. Me pidime ründama ilma suurtükiväe toeta, mis minu arvates oli viga. Oli kottpime ja vaevalt nägime kallaku üksikasju meie ees. Esimene rühm tuiskas ja alustas oma edasiminekut, meie rühm järgnes taga. Kõigepealt tundus, et meie plaan õnnestus suurepäraselt, olime nõukogude võimu üllatanud. Esimene ja teine ​​rida kaevikuid võeti käsivõitluses. Oma positsioonist teises rühmas nägin leegiheitjaid nende töö juurde. Õudne vaatepilt, eredad leekjoad, mis valgustavad paksu õliseid suitsupilvi. Minu rühm sisenes nüüd kaevikutesse, mille esimene rühm oli võtnud, ja seadis üles meie kuulipildujad, et oleks võimalik nõukogude nõutud vasturünnakut tõrjuda.

Esialgu ründasime üle 500 mehe. Uskuge mind, sel hetkel oli elus veel mitte rohkem kui 100 inimest. Kukkusin tagasi põhijõu poole. Kohale jõudes kohtasin kahte oma kompanii sõdurit, mis koosnes ainult 5 mehest! Kõik ohvitserid ja allohvitserid olid haavatud või tapetud, mis andis mulle tegelikult kompanii juhtimise. Koos kahe kaaslasega põgenesime. Jooksime nagu jänesed. Mördi ja suurtükiväe mürsud plahvatavad meie ümber, kuulid vilistavad meie kõrvade ümber. Ma ei unusta kunagi selle pagana põrgu vaatamisväärsusi. Jooksin ja hüppasin üle oma langenud seltsimeeste surnukehade, mis näisid igal pool lebavat, kui mu kõrval plahvatas mörsikarp. Ma ei mäleta palju sellest, mis järgnes, kuid mõned killud olid mu nägu ja kätt löönud. Olin plahvatusest peaaegu kurt ja pidin ilmselt minestama. Ärkasin peamise riietusjaama juures. Minu kaks kaasvõitlejat olid mind tagasi viinud. Mul on hea meel, et see kõik on läbi. Sõda on nii kohutav asi. ”
(Herr Gustav Römer – IR506 291. diviisist)

(Foto SS-Kriegsberichter Wisniewski, Nord 1942-1943, Brigaad Nederland 1944, Raudristi II omanik)

(Värvib Bill Wwiicolor Izeris)
https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100009263287356

Maria Dolina (1922–2010) oli Nõukogude lendur ja eskadrilli ülema kohusetäitja 125. „Marina M. Raskova” Borisovi kaardiväe sukeldumispommitajate rügemendis.

Ta tegutses II maailmasõja ajal peamiselt I Balti rindel, sooritades Peet-2 Petljakovi kergpommitajaga 72 lendu, heites kokku 45 000 kg pomme. Kuues õhuvõitluses tulistasid Maria ja tema meeskond alla 3 vaenlase võitlejat (rühmas). 18. augustil 1945 omistati Dolinale Nõukogude Liidu kangelase tiitel.

(Värvinud Olga Shirnina Venemaalt)
https://www.facebook.com/ klimbim.art?fref=ts

F4U-1 Corsair#252 (võimalik, et 1/Lt. William ‘Bill ” Boshart) VMF 224, Marine Corps 4th Marines Aircraft Wing, Majuro Airstrip, Marshalli saared. Lennukid valmistati hävitajapatrullimiseks ette Jaapani pommitajate radari ülesvõtmise tõttu, suundudes 19. septembril 1944 Palau saare rühma Peleliu suunas.

4. Marine Air Wingi peakorter ja Marine Air Group 13 kolisid 1944. aasta märtsi keskel Majuro atolli.
Majuros paiknevate üksuste hulka kuulusid VF-39, mis opereeris F6F Hellcat, VMF-155 ja amp VMF-224, mis töötasid F4U-dega ja VMSB-231, mis opereerisid SBD-sid.

Värvis Paul Reynolds.
Värvitud versioon © autoriõigus Paul Reynolds.

Sageli unustatud eskadroni maapealne meeskond

Eskadroni RCAF maapealse meeskonna liikmed kipuvad Hawkeri orkaanile. Kui juhtiv lennukimees P.J. Thurgeon eemaldab vigase piduri tõttu sadamaratta, kontrollib seersant Bob Fair, kas veesõidukit tuleks hooldada. Sageli unustatud maapealne meeskond nägi väsimatult vaeva, et lennukit heas korras hoida, ilma nendeta poleks eskadron lennata saanud.
Juulil 1941.

(Nb. Punased riidest plaastrid legeeriti püstoli aukude kohal, et vältida niiskuse (vihma või udu) sattumist tiiva avatud relvaportidesse ja külmumist relvapükstel, kui lennuk tõusis ja ronis kiiresti jahedamasse õhku. Esimene kuul lõi lihtsalt lindile augu. Armourid jätsid tavaliselt relvade sadamate üle teipimise viimaseks, pärast relvade puhastamist ja uuesti laadimist, nii et terved punased laigud olid märk sellest, et võitleja on taas tegutsemiseks valmis.)

(FOTO: Kanada viisakate raamatukogu ja arhiiv)

Need noored Saksa sõdurid, kes võeti tõenäoliselt otse kohaliku Hitleri noorsoo rühmitusest, tabati 1945. aasta mais kusagil väljaspool Saksamaad Leipzigi. Hiljuti avastati USA 9. soomusdiviisi kaplanilt 600+ negatiivne rühmitus. andis selle pildi pärli. Sõja emotsioonid ja toores kurbus on näha foto vasakus servas sigaretti suitsetava poisi silmades. Nad ei tohi olla vanemad kui kaheksa või üheksa aastat. ”

(Värvis Allan White Austraaliast) https://www.facebook.com/ AColourfulPastRevisited

Ameerika sõdurid 2. pataljonist, 314. jalaväerügemendist-79. jalaväediviisist, saavad 6. jaanuaril 1945 Prantsusmaal Drusenheimi ümbruses toimunud lahingute ajal Prantsuse tsiviilisikutelt veini.

6. jaanuaril kell 0830 kolis 2. BN, mida toetas 749. tankist koosnev kompanii, Rohrwillerisse. Udused tingimused pakkusid suurepärast katet, eesmärk täideti ja linn oli 314. ja#8217 kontrolli all 0100. Rünnakuülesanne anti edasi Herrlisheimi vallutamiseks. Word jõudis 314. elemendini, et A/Co 232. jalavägi oli Drusenheimis hädas. Teine BN pidi linna puhastama ja turvama Herrlisheimi teel. Kolmas BN kutsuti Bischwillerist Rohrwillerisse, kui teine ​​kolis välja. Kell 1400 sisenes G/Co tankitugi peal Drusenheimi loodeküljele. Pärast kohtumist 232. ’s A/Co elementidega kolis 2nd BN oma üksused väikerelvade tule all üle Moderi jõe silla, et puhastada ja kindlustada linna lõunaosa. Viiel tankil õnnestus silla puhastada enne selle lagunemist. Seejärel tulid tankid F/Co -ga rünnakule Herrlisheimist edelasse. Aastal 1630, kui F/Co jõudis Drusenheimi äärelinna, kohtas ta kerget suurtükitule. F/Co ründas vaenlase tugevat külge ja Moderi idakaldal asuvat tehasehoonet, mis tabas kaks ohvitseri ja 51 värvatud meest. Ülejäänud 2. BN olid positsioonidel Drusenheimis või selle ümbruses.

Kui kolmas BN tõusis Rohrwilleri ülevõtmispositsioonidel ülespoole, langes see seni kõige raskemate suurtükitormide alla. Ööl vastu 6. ja 7. jaanuari parandati Drusenheimi silda keset pidevat vaenlase tulekahju. I & ampR ja Cannon olid Bischwilleri üksi väljas, sest 1. BN oli Zinswilleri missioonil veel eemal.

(Värvinud Johhny Sirlande Belgiast)
https://www.facebook.com/ Historicphotorestoredincolo r

De Havilland Mosquito Mk II nr 157 eskadroni RAF tankimine Hertfordshire'is Hunsdonis. 16. juunil 1943

Eskaader nr 157 oli esimene eskaader, kes kasutas sääski öövõitlejana, reformides 13. detsembril 1941 spetsiaalselt tüübi käitamiseks (pärast lühikest kehastust Esimese maailmasõja lõpus).

Esimesed patrullid lennutati ööl vastu 27.-28. Aprilli 1942 Ida-Inglismaa kohal, kuid esimene kinnitatud tapmine toimus alles 22.-23. Augustil 1942.

Saksa pommitajate ähvarduse kadudes sai eskaader nr 157 vastu mitmeid sääskede FB.Mk VI -sid ja asus okupeeritud Euroopa kohal lendama sissetungijate missioonidega. 1943. aasta novembris kolis eskadrill Cornwalli ja keskendus üha enam sissetungija rollile. Pärast lühikest vahepala, mis lendas kaitsepatrulle Iiri mere kohal, kolis eskadron 1944. aasta mais Ida -Inglismaale, kus liitus grupiga nr.100 ja viis läbi sissetungija missioone raskete pommitajate toetamiseks.

(Allikas ja#8211 IWM mittekaubanduslik litsents – CH 10312 P/O H V Drees, kuninglike õhuväe ametlik fotograaf)

(Värvis Benjamin Thomas Austraaliast)
https://www.facebook.com/ coloursofyesterday

Halva kvaliteediga, kuid väga haruldane foto. (neile, kes teavad Bf.109 -sid)

Maapealsed operatsioonid Luftwaffe Jagdgeschwader 27 (JG27) Messerschmitt Bf 109E-7 ümbruses, tõenäoliselt selle ja#8217 lühikese operatsiooni ajal Sitsiilias Gelas ajavahemikus 3. kuni 24. mai 1941. Sitsiilias viibimise ajal opereeris III./JG27 üle Malta.

109 -l on enne Põhja -Aafrikasse kolimist endiselt kasutusel JG27 algne embleem. Taustal olevatel 109 -ndatel näib olevat Põhja -Aafrika kamuflaaž. See on esimene kord, kui nägime ninal kuvatavaid reitingumärke, mitte kere (enne või pärast) kere ja Balkenkreuzi läheduses. Sel juhul näib auaste olevat Geschwaderi adjutandi (tiiva ülemjuhataja).
Märgid mootorikattel on iseloomulikud mudelile III./JG27 ja päriti Gruppe eelkäijalt I./JG1.

(Uurinud Doug ja Rui) (Värvinud Royston Leonard UK)
https://www.facebook.com/ pages/Maailmasõdade värvitud pildid ja muu perioodi ds-in-time/182158581977012

Neljanda klassi tehnik Frank J. Perconte, USA 101. õhudessantdisjoni 506. langevarjurpolgu 506. lihtkompanii Easy kompanii allohvitser, hoides käes paari Hollandi puukinge ja toetudes aiale piki Dommeli jõge Bleek Straatil, Eindhovenis Hollandis.
Septembril 1944.

Frank Perconte tegi koos oma seltsimeestega ettevõttes Easy Company kohutava hüppe Norm Andysse, enne kui USA väed D-päeval randadele jõudsid.#821744 Ta nägi operatsiooni Market Garden ajal ka Hollandis ja sai haavata saksa snaipri eest Foy linn Bulge'i lahingu ajal 13. jaanuaril 1945.
Mõne päeva pärast liitus ta Saksamaa okupeerimiseks uuesti Haguenau linnas Easy Companyga.

(10. märts 1917 ja#8211, 24. oktoober 2013, 96 -aastane) (värvinud Leo Determann Hollandist)
https://www.facebook.com/ photoshopzandvoort

Clevelandi klassi kerge ristleja, ‘USS Santa Fe ja#8217 CL-60 tõmbavad koos Essex-klassi lennukikandjaga, ja#8216USS Franklin ja#8217 CV-13, kuna see loetleb parempoolsel küljel pärast seda, kui on saanud kaks otsest lööki paarist soomukist augustavad pommid, mille viskas maha üksik Jaapani lennuk. Okinawa lähedal. 19. märts 1945.

Merevaikne, 12-sõlme tuul umbes 060 tõsi, taevas pilves, aeg-ajalt pause, horisontaalne nähtavus suurepärane. 19. märtsil 1945 umbes kell 0707 sai USA Franklin ja#8217 kaks otsest tabamust üksik jaapanlase Yokosuka D4Y ja#8216Judy & 821717 sukeldumispommitaja maha lastud 500 naela pommide paarist.

Esimene kahest soomust läbistavast pommist tungis alla riidepuutekile, hävitades õhusõidukeid ja süüdates tulekahjusid teisel ja kolmandal tekil. Sellest pommist said löögi ka lahinguteabekeskus ja õhutükk. Teine pomm lõhkus läbi kahe teki, plahvatades pommid ja laskemoona ning süüdates piloodikabiini all hoitud kütust.

USA Franklin ’ süüdati peagi, 26 000 tonni kaaluv laev raputas sekundaarsete plahvatuste tagajärjel, kuna nii tekil kui ka selle all olevad lennukid plahvatasid koos tohutu koguse laskemoonaga. Ellujäänud meeskond otsis varjupaika eesoleval pardatekil, paljud asusid tegutsema, püüdes võidelda laeva rebivate tulekahjude vastu. ‘USS Santa Fe ’ jõudis kannatanutega Carrierile lähedale, vaatamata selle tekilt puhkenud massilistele plahvatustele, osales tuletõrjes ja sadade ohustatud meeskonnaliikmete päästmises.

Tulekahjude ja#8216USS Franklin ’ pardal hoidmiseks kulus kolm tundi, kuid imekombel jäi laev vee peale. Seda vedasid ‘USS Pittsburgh ’ Ulithi, kust see jätkas oma jõu all Pearl Harborisse, saates ‘USS Santa Fe ’. 724 meeskonnaliiget ‘USS Franklin ’ kaotas ühe rünnaku käigus elu ja 265 sai haavata. Lennukist ‘USS Franklin ’ sai sõja kõige rängemalt kahjustatud lennukikandja ja see lõpetati 1947. aastal.

Kohalikud tüdrukud annavad Shermani meeskonnale õunu väljaspool pagariäri Hollandis Aalstis. 18. septembril 1944,

Iiri kaardiväe 2. soomuspataljon, 5. kaardiväebrigaad, kaardiväe soomusdiviis, 30 korpust.

Lõppkokkuvõttes ebaõnnestunud nädalane ‘Operation Market Garden ’ algas 17. septembril 1944 liitlaste tõukamisega Saksamaa poole. Kampaania põhiosas nägi Briti kaardiväe relvastatud diviis üles tõuke madalatesse riikidesse.

Operatsiooni teisel päeval oli Guards Armoredi kolonn veerenud Hollandi Aaltsi lõunapoolsesse äärelinna, mida Saksa väed okupeerisid alates 1940. Kolonel Joe Vandeleuri juhtimisel kohtusid diviisi tankid Saksa vägede ja relvade jäänustega. mis kaevati sisse, kuid olid tugevalt kahjustatud eelmise päeva liitlaste õhupommitamiste ja suurtükitõrjumiste tõttu. Sakslaste jaoks oli Aalst liivajoon, mis kaitses liitlaste edasiliikumist kirdes Antwerpenisse ja Hollandisse. Liitlaste jaoks oli pika soomuskolonni liikumise hoidmine võtmetähtsusega liitlaste õhudessantvägede tugevdamisel, mis olid juba koos Saksa vägedega mitmel sillal.

(Värvis Allan White Austraaliast) https://www.facebook.com/ AColourfulPastRevisited

Kiire pühendus viimasele ellujäänud Dambustersi piloodile Sqn.Ldr. Les Munro, kes on surnud 96 -aastaselt.

Legendaarne ‘Dambusters Operation ’ RAF 617 eskaadrist lendas 1943. aastal Lincolni lähistelt RAF Scamptonist ja kasutas edukalt Saksa tammide ründamiseks “ põrkepomme. Nüüd on Dambustersi missioonidel ellu jäänud vaid kaks meeskonnaliiget.

Ööl vastu 16. maid 1943 lahkusid 19 pommitajat RAF Scamptonist Lincolni lähistel kolmes laines.
Esimene suundus Mohne ja Ederi tammide juurde, teine ​​ja kolmas Sorpe tammi juurde.
133 meeskonnast, kes teele asusid, naasis vaid 77, sealhulgas Sqn Ldr Munro, kes jõudis koju pärast seda, kui Flak hävitas oma Lancasteri pommitaja sise- ja välisside Hollandi kohal.
Teda oli teavitatud ründama Sorpe'i tammi, vabastades pommi võimalikult madalalt kõrguselt, lennates kiirusel 290 km/h. Sorpe tamm sai kahjustada, kuid Mohne ja Ederi tammid hävisid, ujutades üle Ruhri oru.

(Royston Leonard UK)

‘Põletav Saksa konvoi ’
A Soldier of the 311th Infantry Regiment, 78th Infantry Division, 1st US Army, uses a burning German convoy for shelter as he draws a bead on enemy in the woods near Honnef, Germany. March 1945

(Nb. the burning German transport on the left, appears to be a Sd.Kfz 251 variant) The 311th Infantry Regiment attacked Honnef 10th March 1945.


The 311th Infantry Regiment was attached to the 8th Division in the Hurtgen Forest, 10 December 1944. The 309th and 310th Infantry Regiments relieved elements of the 1st Division in the line in the vicinity of Entenpfuhl, 1-12 December. On the 13th these regiments smashed into Simmerath, Witzerath, and Bickerath and were fighting for Kesternich when Von Rundstedt launched his counteroffensive in the Monschau area, 18 December.

The 78th held the area it had taken from the Siegfried Line against the violent German attacks throughout the winter. The Division attacked, 30 January 1945, and took Kesternich, 2 February, the town of Schmidt on the 8th, and captured intact the vital Schwammanauel Dam the next day. In the advance, the Roer River was crossed, 28 February, and the Division joined the offensive of the First and Ninth Armies toward the Rhine. The river was crossed over the Ludendorff Bridge at Remagen, 8 March, by the 310th Regiment, the first troops to cross in the wake of the 9th Armored Division. That unit, attached to the 9th Armored and acting as a motorized unit had driven across Germany capturing Euskirchen, Rheinbach, and Bad Neuenahr. The 78th expanded the bridgehead, taking Honnef and cutting part of the superhighway, the Autobahn, 16 March. From 2 April to 8 May, the Division was active in the reduction of the Ruhr Pocket and at VE-day was stationed near Marburg.
(history.army.mil)

(Source – ETO HQ 45 24166 March 1945 – US Signal Corps Photos, Photo-G T/4 D. P. Ellett 165)

(Colourised by Royston Leonard UK) https://www.facebook.com/ pages/ Colourized-pictures-of-the- world-wars-and-other-perio ds-in-time/182158581977012

Polish soldiers of the Independent Podhale Rifle Brigade taking the oath in Malestroit, Brittany, France. April 10, 1940.

After the Polish defeat in the Polish September Campaign, the Podhale units were recreated in France as the Polish Independent Highland Brigade, it had seen some action at Narvik, and later fought in the Battle of France and moved into Switzerland upon the French defeat. Some units were also created in the underground as part of the partisan forces of the Armia Krajowa. The traditions of the Podhale Rifles are continued by the modern 21st Podhale Rifles Brigade.

Irish Guards and the crew of an M4 Sherman tank outside of a Texaco Garage in Aalst, Holland.
18 September, 1944,

2nd Armoured Battalion of the Irish Guards, 5th Guards Brigade, Guards Armoured Division, 30 Corps.
The ultimately unsuccessful week-long ‘Operation Market Garden’ commenced on September 17, 1944 with an Allied push toward Germany. The ground portion of the campaign saw the British Guards Armoured Division taking point on the push into the Low Countries.

On the second day of the operation, a column of the Guards Armoured had rolled to the southern outskirts of Aalst in Holland, occupied by German forces since 1940. Led by Col. Joe Vandeleur, the division’s tanks encountered the remnants of German troops and guns which were dug in but heavily-damaged by the previous day’s Allied air bombings and artillery barrages. For the Germans, Aalst was a line in the sand protecting the Allied advance northeast to Antwerp and the Netherlands beyond. For the Allies, keeping the long column of armour moving was key to reinforcing the Allied airborne troops already engaged with German forces along several bridges.

(Colourised by Allan White from Australia) https://www.facebook.com/ AColourfulPastRevisited

An American soldier looks at a bullet-riddled portrait of the Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini (1883 – 1945) which was taken from the former Fascists political headquarters in Anzio, Italy.7 February 1944.

(Source – MM-5-44-712 U.S. Army Signal Corps photograph, from the collection of The National World War II Museum)

(Collection Level – From the service of Brigadier General Terence John Tully, a West Point graduate, Signal Officer during the African landings, Chief Signal Officer, Allied Force Headquarters Africa/Italy for all Mediterranean operations. Tully served with the Signal Corps in Italy and North Africa documenting the 5th Army specifically. Later he was Commander of Camp Crowder, Missouri).

(Colourised by Royston Leonard UK)
https://www.facebook.com/ pages/ Colourized-pictures-of-the- world-wars-and-other-perio ds-in-time/182158581977012

M4A4 Sherman tank No. 21 (possibly S/Nº. T152656 named “Bomb”) of the Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment ( 27th Armoured Regiment ), 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade (Independent ) covers soldiers of the Fusiliers Mont-Royal, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division in Rue des Ursulines in Falaise, Lower Normandy.
August 17, 1944.

(Un char Sherman N°21 du The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment (27th Armoured Regiment ) de la 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade (Independent) couvre les soldats Fusiliers Mont-Royal de la 2nd Canadian Inf.Div. rue des Ursulines à Falaise, le 17 août 1944. Jean-Paul Pallud a retrouvé le lieu, la rue des Ursulines:)

(Colourised by Paul Reynolds from the UK)
https://www.facebook.com/ PhotoColourisation

A Sapper from the Royal New Zealand Corps of Engineers probes at the earth in the search for more mines after lifting (digging out) a German Tellermine, near Tripoli, Libya, on the 22d of January, 1943.

(Source – National Library of New Zealand) (Colorized by Noah Werner Winslow)
https://www.facebook.com/ incoloragain

Members of 2 Platoon, B Company, 2/2 Machine Gun Battalion, 26th Brigade (Australia) firing a Vickers .303-caliber MG on a native village across the river which was reported to be housing some 200 Japanese soldiers. Brunei Bay Area, North Borneo. 17th June 1945

Thirty thousands Australians took part in landings at Brunei Bay on 10 and 16 June 1945. The town and airfield of Labuan were captured on the first day but strong Japanese resistance on the island continued until 21 June. In the meantime the Australians were advancing in North Borneo and in Brunei and into Sarawak. There were about 350 Australian casualties, including 114 killed in the campaign.

(Source – Australian War Memorial 109534 – Photographer, Robert Eric Donaldson)

US Marine Jesse Goin carries his dog towards the front, during the Battle of Kwajalein, on the Pacific Marshall Islands. 9 February 1944. The photo was taken by ‘LIFE’ Magazine’s photojournalist George Strock.

Colourised by Tom Marshall at PhotograFix 2015.

The lowering of the caskets of four 22nd Marines who died of their wounds in the attack on Parry Island in the Eniwetok Atoll. 22nd February 1944.

They are being transported to the nearby Japtan Island for burial in the 22nd Marines Cemetery there.
They were all exhumed during March 1947 and were taken to a Mausoleum at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii for above ground storage in warehouses and eventually casketing operations to be permanently buried in the ‘Punchbowl’ on Oahu, Hawaii or returned to the mainland for burial in a private or national cemetery. (Thanks to Bert Caloud for this information)

(Nb. The ‘Punchbowl’ National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific is a national cemetery located at Punchbowl Crater in Honolulu, Hawaii) Invasion of Eniwetok Island 18 February 1944

On 18 February 1944, the Amphibious Force under Rear Admiral Harry W. Hill landed troops on Engebi Island, Eniwetok, securing the island before the end of the day. Eniwetok Island was secured on the 21st , with Parry Island secured on the 22nd. The remaining smaller islands of the Atoll were secured on the 23rd.

(Colourised by Royston Leonard UK)
https://www.facebook.com/ pages/ Colourized-pictures-of-the- world-wars-and-other-perio ds-in-time/182158581977012

Men of the 328th Infantry Regiment, US 26th Infantry Division riding on an M8 ‘Greyhound’ light armored car of the 735th Tank Battalion near Neustadt, Germany. April 5 1945.

In March 󈧱 the 328th moved up to the Serrig-Merzig sector for the big push. The push went down along the Saar River, then east to Neustadt. The Rhine was crossed near Mainz. After a bridgehead across the Main River was seized, the regiment took Hanau in a night attack and then moved on towards Fulda.

(Source – NARA File 111-SC-206125, Photographer Pvt. T. R. Romero) (Colourised by Allan White from Australia) https://www.facebook.com/ AColourfulPastRevisited

El-Adem Sector, Tobruk, Lybia, August 27, 1941. Men of D Company, 2/17th Infantry Battalion using a captured Italian field gun to send 75mm shells back to their former owners. They were known as the “Bush Artillery” because they were converted infantrymen using captured guns. They came to symbolize the desperate courage, and the resolve of Tobruk’s defenders during the siege of 41.

I’ve found a b log belonging to one of these men’s grandson were he identifies 3 of the men on another photo very similar to this one. By comparing both photos I managed to id (correctly, I hope) the 3 men, so from left to right: 1st soldier unknown, 2nd soldier is NX60436 Pvt. H.E. Zouch, 3rd soldier unknown, 4th soldier is NX65985 Pvt. C.E. Lemaire (later recipient of the Military Medal for bravery in the field for action against the Japanese at Borneo in 1945), 5th soldier was the blogger’s grandfather, NX17811 Pvt. L.J. McCarthy.

When the set to which this photo belongs to was taken by Warrant Officer (later Lt.) Thomas Fisher, official photographer of the 9th Division Military History and Information Section, the gun in question was only 4000 yards from the German front line.

As for the photographer, sadly W.O. Fisher (later Lt. Fisher) was the only photographer of the Military History and Information Section to be killed in action during WW2. Lt. Fisher died in action against the Japanese at Papua on 16th November 1942. He has no known grave.

The gun is an Italian 75mm Cannone da 75/27 modello 06 (Italian version of the German Kanone M1096), one of the oldest artillery pieces to take part in WW2: introduced in 1906, it pre-dates WWI. This gun was an updated model with steel rims with rubber tires instead of the original wooden wheels (although ‘originals’ could also be found in the battlefield).

(Colorisation and Text by Rui Manuel Candeias)

M4A2, Sherman Mk III “Cameo” (T146946) tank crew of 2nd Troop, ‘C’ Squadron, 13th-18th Royal Hussars, 27th Armoured Brigade rest and write letters home by the side of their vehicle, Normandy, 10 June 1944.

The 27th Brigade landed at Sword Beach as part of XXX Corps and fought in the Caen area until disbanded on 30 July 1944. They supported the British Commandos’ breakout from the Normandy Landing s. Later supported the British Paratroopers at Breville. On 11 June a squadron of 13/18th Hussars supported 6th Airborne Division’s attacks along the river, and later in the month the regiment supported 51st (Highland) Infantry Division in further attacks along the river. On 8 & 9 July, 27th Armoured Bde supported I Corps’ final successful attack on Caen.

13th/18th Hussars (Transferred to 8 Armoured Brigade 30 July) (Initially Sherman II DD, later Sherman III & Firefly VC)

German soldiers gather around a French Gnome et Rhône AX2 800 motorcycle and side car in Belgorod, Russia. Summer 1943.

On 23 Jul 1943, following the victory at Kursk, Russia, the Soviet forces launched Operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev, the first phase of which, named the Belgorod-Bogodukhov Offensive Operation, aimed at capturing the city of Belgorod. On 3 Aug, troops of Soviet Voronezh Front an d Steppe Front crossed the Vorskla River and penetrated German lines manned by the 332nd Infantry Division, the 167th Infantry Division, and the 19th panzer Division near Belgorod, Russia. Two days later, the 60,000 German troops and 250 tanks in the city evacuated to prevent envelopment. In the week of fierce fighting that followed, the Soviets enjoyed a tremendous numerical advantage with over 400,000 men and 1,800 tanks. When the Germans broke out of the area, they had lost about 20,000 killed the Soviets suffered 50,000 killed and 800 tanks destroyed in this costly victory.
(ww2db.com)

The Gnome et Rhône AX2 800. An 800cc boxer with 2-wheel drive production of these bikes started in 1940 for the French army but the Germans took over the factory and used the bikes for their own Wehrmacht.
Gnome & Rhone and also the Terrot company produced the model AX2 for the German Wehrmacht until 1944. 21./Panzer Division was supplied with about 100 of them in early 1944 and they were used on the invasion front against the British army.

(Trivia – in recent years, a Gnome et Rhône, mod. AX2, 1939, 800cc, sidecar, complete bike for restoration, with documentation sold for 18.000€)

(Colourised by Doug) Rouvres airfield, France, winter of 1939/40. On a cold, misty day, Sergeant T. B. G. ‘Titch’ Pyne, a British pilot serving with 73 Squadron, smiles as he watches two armourers rearming the .303 Browning MGs of his Hawker Hurricane Mk I.

While on the ground the ‘Phony War’ gave a false sense of inactivity, in the skies daily battles were fought between the Allied and German air forces.

Sgt ‘Titch ’ Pyne flew his first mission on the 26th of March 1940 as part of Green Section, Flight B. Soon after crossing the German border (despite express orders not to), Sgt Pyne, his mate Flg Off J. G. ‘Tub’ Perry, and their section leader, a Kiwi by the name of James ‘Cobber’ Cain, spotted nine Bf 109Es of III./JG53 ‘Pik As’. Although outnumbered 3 to 1, ‘Cobber’ Cain took advantage of his higher altitude to jump the German aircrafts and soon enough one of the two Bf109 he shot during that action fell away trailing smoke and flames. Pyne and Perry had also chosen their targets and followed their leader into the fray, but being inexperienced, both quickly expended their ammo and were forced to return home. Perry was later credited with a Bf109E destroyed while Pyne’s claim was rated as only a probable. Although being shot down himself, the two confirmed kills that day made of James ‘Cobber’ Cain the first allied ace of the war. J. G. ‘Tub’ Perry was shot down and killed three days later.

As for Sgt Pyne, he was shot down the first time on April 23rd 1940 when his squadron was surprised by Bf109s of III./JG53 west of Merzig. Wounded in a shoulder and with his Hurricane (N2391) badly damaged by the BF109 of Fw Gawlick, Sgt Pyne made a force-landing near Sierck-les-Bains at 10.30 a.m. Minutes before, at 10.14 a.m., one of his squadron mates had been shot down by a soon to be famous Hptmn Mölders of III./JG53 in what was Mölders’ 9th WW2 victory.

After recovering from his injuries, Sgt Pyne went back to flying combat missions until the 14th of May 1940, when his Hurricane (N2856) was shot down by Bf110s of III./ZG26 and crashed in the Bois de Voncq, north of Vouziers at 12.25 p.m. It is believed that Sgt Pyne managed to bail out but was killed (unspecified causes). He now rests at Choloy War Cemetery.

This photo offers a good example of an early production Hawker Hurricane Mk I with ‘kidney’ shaped exhaust stacks and a Watts wooden propeller.


27 May 1944 - History

Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Western declaration on Germany, the European Defense Community, and Berlin, May 27, 1952, pp. 102-103 PDF (826.1 KB)

Second report of the United Nations commission to investigate conditions for free elections in Germany, August 5, 1952, pp. 103-107 PDF (2.3 MB)

This material may be protected by copyright law (e.g., Title 17, US Code).| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright

© This compilation (including design, introductory text, organization, and descriptive material) is copyrighted by University of Wisconsin System Board of Regents.

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Message 1 - A2328383 - Le Paradis the murder of 97 soldiers in a french filed

Posted on: 23 February 2004 by robina

I have just checked with war graves. It would appear Richard and Angus were in the same battalion, same age, died same date, respective army and plot numbers
Richard 3052786 2B10
Angus 3052181 1B5

I dont know if Richard was a bandsman but his father was musical.

Further irony, my adopted father was too at Dunkirk at the same time

Message 2 - A2328383 - Le Paradis the murder of 97 soldiers in a french filed

Posted on: 24 February 2004 by D Cooper

Hi Robina
Someone sent me a web site about le paradis, I enclose the site for you(it is harrowing)
[Broken link removed by Moderator]

Message 3 - A2328383 - Le Paradis the murder of 97 soldiers in a french filed

Posted on: 24 February 2004 by D Cooper

Hi Robina
Someone sent me a web site about le paradis, I enclose the site for you(it is harrowing)
[Broken link removed by Moderator]
Denise

Message 1 - Le Paradis

Posted on: 22 February 2004 by Pete Mason

I recall an article some 20 years ago which put a slightly different light on this.It seem a researcher was comparing war diaries on an attack on this particular SS unit some days before. The diary of the Norfolks read on the lines of "position taken in support of . higland regiment, 20(?) POWs passsed to the Scots. The Highland regiment diary read" position attacked and overun, supported by Norfolks. No prisoners taken". This suggested revenge by the SS when they encountered the Norfolks some days later.

Message 2 - Le Paradis

Posted on: 22 February 2004 by /War_is_Hell

Nasty very nasty i dont understand how you could do that to another human being i know i couldent shoot a hostage with his hands up if anything i would make friends.

Message 3 - Le Paradis

Posted on: 09 August 2004 by sharpeplod

If this is true then why didn't Fritz Knoechlein the SS officer hanged for this atrocity, or any of the many defence witnesses, mention this at the trial. They only said that the British soldiers were using dum dum bullets in contravention of the Geneva convention.


27 May 1944 - History

The 27th Marine Regiment was activated on January 10, 1944 as a result of the massive increase in the Marine Corps during World War II. The regiment first saw action during the Battle of Iwo Jima. During the course of the battle they suffered 566 killed, 1,706 wounded and had 4 Marines receive the Medal of Honor. After the surrender of Japan the regiment was inactivated on January 10, 1946.

The 27th Marines was again reactivated during the Vietnam War on January 1, 1966, but was mainly used as a pool for new replacements before they went overseas. The 2nd and 3rd Battalions were stationed at Camp Pendleton, CA. The 1st Battalion was at Marine Corps Air Station at Kane'ohe Bay in Hawaii. During the Tet Offensive in 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson authorized an increase in U.S. troop strength in South Vietnam and the 27th Marines was one of the units sent. The 27th Marines became the first Marine regiment to fly into a combat zone. Their deployment overseas put a severe strain on manpower in the Marine Corps and they were returned to the United States before the close of 1968.

A homecoming parade was presented as a Memorial Ceremony downtown San Diego to the lives the regiment had given in Vietnam. The unit was then reassigned to MCB Camp Pendleton within the area of the base called Camp Margarita or the 33 Area.


Edasi liikuma

As the Allies required a full moon and a spring tide, possible dates for the invasion were limited. Eisenhower first planned to move forward on June 5, but was forced to delay due to poor weather and high seas. Faced with the possibility of recalling the invasion force to port, he received a favorable weather report for June 6 from Group Captain James M. Stagg. After some debate, orders were issued to launch the invasion on June 6. Due to the poor conditions, the Germans believed that no invasion would occur in early June. As a result, Rommel returned to Germany to attend a birthday party for his wife and many officers left their units to attend war games at Rennes.


27 May 1944 - History

name: Royal Canadian Air Force - RCAF
country: Canada
ICAO code: CFC
Founded: 1924

109 occurrences in the ASN safety database, showing occurrence 1 - 10

kuupäev tüüpi registration operaator paks. asukoht pic kass
15001 RCAF 0 Trenton Cana. O1
13803 RCAF 0 near Inuvik, NT A2
140103 RCAF 0 Greenwood Ca. A2
144601 RCAF 0 near Tampa-Mac Di. A2
130342 RCAF 0 Key West NAS. A1
9413 RCAF 0 Duke of York. A1
115461 UN, opb RCAF 9 near Dimas C1
9411 RCAF 1 near Baudette, MN A1
9410 RCAF 0 McKenzie Lak. A1
9419 RCAF 0 near Montreal-St. A1
11153 RCAF 0 Montreal-Dor. O1
10309 RCAF 6 near Trenton Cana. A1
971 RCAF Greenwood Ca. U1
3678 RCAF 3 El Kuntilla A1
9302 RCAF 5 near Hope Slide, BC A1
10304 RCAF 0 North Battle. A1
5324 RCAF 0 Srinagar Air. C1
20727 RCAF 16 near Puerto Rico A1
9697 RCAF 8 near Marville RCA. A1
KN278 RCAF 3 Pierce Lake, SK A1
17520 RCAF 0 near Hall Beach A. A1
9414 RCAF 0 Saint-Hyacin. A1
9401 RCAF 0 Guelph Airpo. A1
22127 RCAF 0 Camp Tuto A1
11041 RCAF 1 near Prince Ruper. A1
17525 RCAF 0 Athens-Ellin. A1
975 RCAF 5 near Cutigliano, . A1
22128 RCAF 0 near Modena A1
3744 RCAF 0 Gaza Air Base A1
22125 RCAF 0 near Edmonton-Nam. A1
3675 RCAF A1
3684 RCAF 0 Postville, NL A1
3666 RCAF 3 near Goose Bay Ai. A1
22124 RCAF 0 Montreal-Dor. O1
17513 RCAF 0 Montreal-Dor. O1
3687 RCAF Knob Lake A1
9696 RCAF 7 near Marville RCA. A1
11073 RCAF 3 Johnstone St. A1
11095 RCAF 2 Fraser River. A1
991 RCAF teadmata A1
17522 RCAF 0 near RAF North Lu. A1
3676 RCAF 0 Sea Island R. O1
3670 RCAF 0 Sea Island R. O1
3672 RCAF 0 Churchill Ai. A1
17503 RCAF 0 Vancouver In. A1
17505 RCAF 0 Shemya AFB, . A1
17501 RCAF 0 Rockliffe-CF. O1
985 RCAF 7 Strait of Ge. A1
984 RCAF St. Hubert R. A1
654 RCAF 3 near Goose Bay Ai. A1
980 RCAF Frobisher Ba. A1
KG416 RCAF 0 Winnipeg-Ste. O1
KG430 RCAF 4 near Goose Bay Ai. A1
17523 RCAF 0 Resolute Air. A1
KG317 RCAF 0 near Summerside A. A1
KJ936 RCAF 0 near Snag, YT A1
11057 RCAF 21 Bigstone Lak. A1
KG635 RCAF Yellowknife, NT A1
987 RCAF 0 near Churchill, MB A1
11081 RCAF 1 Kittigazuit. A1
11063 RCAF near Cambridge Ba. A1
967 RCAF Gander-RCAF . A1
962 RCAF 21 Estevan, SK A1
986 RCAF Goose Bay, NL A1
KG397 RCAF 8 near Warlingham A1
FL636 RCAF 7 Mount Ptolem. A1
KG310 RCAF 0 near Wien-Schwech. A1
KG439 RCAF 4 Purley, Surrey A1
KG433 RCAF 4 Down Ampney . A1
11043 RCAF 1 Coal Harbour. A1
JX435 RCAF 9 near Cocos (Keeli. A1
FZ583 RCAF 3 Sulphur Moun. A1
KN563 RCAF 5 near Khamti A1
11076 RCAF 0 Morhiban Lak. A1
11066 RCAF near Iceland A1
9701 RCAF 4 Saanich Inle. A1
NJ183 RAF, op.for RCAF 11 Knocknagor, . A1
11007 RCAF 0 near Tofino, BC A1
978 RCAF Biggin Hill . A1
11065 RCAF Reykjavik A1
11061 RCAF 8 near Reykjavik A1
ML883 RCAF 0 near Calshot O1
11086 RCAF 9 Clayquot, Va. A1
KJ855 RCAF near Kabirwala, P. A1
11017 RCAF 10 near Tofino, BC A1
11022 RCAF 3 Patricia Bay. A1
KG422 RCAF Ypres Advanc. A1
KG489 RCAF 4 Everse C1
FZ596 RCAF 0 near British Colu. A1
966 RCAF near Sea Island, BC A1
11011 RCAF 0 Satellite Ch. A1
11062 RCAF 7 Foula Island. A1
9754 RCAF 3 near Shetland Isl. C1
9842 RCAF 7 Reykjavik A1
9816 RCAF 3 near Faroe Island. C1
11019 RCAF A1
DV990 RAF, op.for RCAF 12 near Kristiansund. C1
FZ576 RCAF 2 near Port Hardy A. A1
9809 RCAF near Keflavik A1
FL650 RCAF 3 near British Colu. A1
FZ581 RCAF Patricia Bay. A1
W6028 RAF, op.for RCAF 2 Trory Cross. A1
9786 RCAF teadmata A1
W6013 RAF, op.for RCAF 9 Knocklayd Mo. A1
W6031 RAF, op.for RCAF 11 near Vigo, Spain C1
9834 RCAF 7 Botwood, NL A1
9789 RCAF 1 Denny Island. A1
557 RCAF 3 near Gander Airpo. A1
9807 RCAF 6 Gander-RCAF . A1
9737 RCAF 5 near Gander Lake, NL A1


Lüüasaamine

Churchill's fame as a war leader was now a very mixed blessing. The repeated emphasis he gave to the need to finish the war against Japan suggested once more that war was his only real interest. The East End of London was flooded with rumours that he was planning a war against Russia.

The result plunged him into depression . but it was not quite as bad as it seemed.

After polling on 5 July, Churchill and Attlee returned to Potsdam while the service vote was collected. On 25 July they returned home to await the results, which began to come in the following morning. By the afternoon it was apparent that Labour had won by a landslide - with 393 seats and an overall majority of 183 in the House of Commons.

The notion that the Conservatives were defeated by 'the forces vote' is mistaken - as the opinion polls showed, the civilian vote was strongly pro-Labour - but war weariness was probably a factor against Churchill among civilians and servicemen alike. The result plunged him into depression and his party into shock, but it was not quite as bad as it seemed. The first-past-the-post system gave an exaggerated picture of Labour's triumph, disguising the fact that just over half the electorate had voted against them.

Churchill soon recovered his spirits. He reinvented himself as a global statesman, doggedly retained the leadership of the Conservative Party, and confidently awaited what he saw as the inevitable reaction against Socialism.

He had, in fact, performed one great service for Conservatism. After the failure of appeasement and the disrepute into which the pre-war leaders of the Conservative party had fallen, he had restored the party's patriotic credentials and saved it from the possibility of a defeat far worse than it in fact suffered in 1945.


Liberty Matters: Foorum vabadust käsitlevate ideede arutamiseks Vabadus ja voorus: Frank Meyeri fusionism (juuni 2021)

Tere tulemast meie juuni 2021 väljaandesse Liberty Matters. Sel kuul on ajakirja Reason tegevtoimetaja Stephanie Slade kirjutanud meie essee Frank Meyerist. Liberty Fund avaldab Meyeri enim tsiteeritud raamatu Vabaduse kaitseks ja sellega seotud esseed, mis sisaldab ka mitmeid Meyeri tuntumaid esseesid. Meyer oli koos National F. Buckley asutajatega National Re.


Ajalugu

We believe in the power of women to create a more perfect democracy. That's been our vision since 1920, when the League of Women Voters was founded by leaders of the women’s suffrage movement. For 100 years, we have been a nonpartisan, activist, grassroots organization that believes voters should play a critical role in democracy.

1920 February 14 LWV Founded

The League was officially founded in Chicago in 1920, just six months before the 19th amendment was ratified and women won the vote. Formed by the suffragists of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, the League began as a "mighty political experiment" designed to help 20 million women carry out their new responsibilities as voters.

August 26 19th Amendment Ratified

After it passed in the House and Senate, the final hurdle for the 19th Amendment was ratification by the states. As anti-suffrage groups still fought to oppose ratification, suffrage leaders mobilized to continue their pressure campaign in the states. Finally, the Amendment was ratified in Tennessee and officially made law on August 26.

The 19th & Women of Color 1944 — 45 UN Established & LWV Named NGO Observer

After World War II, the League carried out a nationwide public support campaign, at the request of President Franklin Roosevelt, to establish the United Nations and to ensure U.S. participation. Following the campaign, President Harry Truman invited the League to serve as a consultant to the U.S. delegation at the United Nations Charter Conference. One of the first organizations officially recognized by the UN as a non-governmental organization (NGO), the League still maintains official observer status today.

LWV UN Observers 1957 LWV Education Fund Established

As the League became more active in issue advocacy, the need arose for a separate organizational arm for activities like voter registration and information. The League of Women Voters Education Fund was established to encourage the active and informed participation of citizens in government and to increase understanding of major public policy issues.

1972 Major Campaign to Ratify the ERA

In 1972, shortly after congressional passage of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), LWV voted officially to support “equal rights for all regardless of sex.” The League followed this vote with a nationwide pressure campaign that continued through the 1970s. That national campaign ended in 1982, but LWV continues to push for ERA ratification today.

ERA Letter to Congress 1976 Emmy Award for Presidential Debates

The League sponsored the first televised presidential debates since 1960, for which we received an Emmy award for Outstanding Achievement in Broadcast Journalism.

1980s LWV Sponsors Presidential Debates

The League sponsored televised general election Presidential debates in 1980 and 1984, as well as presidential primary forums in 1980, 1984, and 1988. The debates focused on nonpartisan issues with a main goal of informing voters. As candidates demanded increasingly partisan conditions, however, the League withdrew its sponsorship of general election debates in 1988. Leagues around the country continue to hold debates and forums for local and state offices today.

1993 NVRA Becomes Law

The League’s grassroots campaign for national legislation to reform voter registration resulted in passage of the National Voter Registration Act (NVRA), also known as the “motor-voter” bill. The goal: increase accessibility to the electoral process. The motor-voter bill enabled citizens to register at motor vehicle agencies automatically, as well as by mail and at agencies that service the public.

2002 HAVA Becomes Law

When the 2000 election exposed the many problems facing the election system, the League began to work on election reform. Working closely with a civil rights coalition, LWV helped draft and pass the Help America Vote Act (HAVA), which established provisional balloting, requirements for updating voting systems, and the Election Assistance Commission.

2006 LWV Launches VOTE411.org

The League provided a dedicated website for voter information as early as the 1990s. In 2006, the League launched the next generation of online voter education with VOTE411.org, a “one-stop-shop” for election-related information. Today, VOTE411 provides both general and state-specific nonpartisan resources to the voting public, including a nationwide polling place locator, a ballot look-up tool, candidate positions on issues, and more.

VOTE411.org 2019 LWV Launches People Powered Fair Maps Campaign

In June 2019, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that partisan gerrymandering cannot be solved by the federal courts. In response, the League initiated People Powered Fair Maps, a coordinated effort across all 50 states and D.C. to create fair and transparent, people-powered redistricting processes to eliminate partisan and racial gerrymandering nationwide.

People powered fair maps 2020 LWV Celebrates 100 Years

February 14th, 2020, marks 100 years that the League of Women Voters has empowered voters and defended democracy. Over the last century, we’ve fought for election protection, democratic reforms, and equal access to the ballot—all while maintaining our commitment to nonpartisanship and fostering an informed electorate. As we look into our next hundred years, we aim to build power for the next generation of women leaders and voting rights activists. That’s why we’re celebrating our 100-year milestone with a nationwide coordinated Day of Action called Women Power the Vote.

What will the next 100 years hold?

The League of Women Voters has evolved from a mighty political experiment designed to help 20 million newly enfranchised women vote in 1920, to what it is today: a unique, nonpartisan organization that is a recognized force in molding political leaders, shaping public policy, and promoting informed citizen participation at all levels of government. To join us for our next 100 years, join your local League today!


Vaata videot: Un Dia Como Hoy 27 de mayo de 1944